KOSHER GLOSSARY

Basar/Basrei
Hebrew word meaning meat or meat food product

Challah
1)   The portion of dough biblically mandated to be given to the Cohen
(Jewish priestly caste)
2)   Festive bread, often braided, used for the Sabbath and Jewish holiday
meals.

Cholov/Cholvei
Hebrew word meaning milk or dairy food product

Chumetz
1)    Any of the five biblical grains (oat, rye, barley, wheat and spelt) that have
been exposed to water for more than eighteen minutes.
2)    Any foods produced from any of the five biblical grains that have been
exposed to water for more than eighteen minutes.
3)    Any foods produced on equipment that has been used to produce anything
from the five biblical grains that have been exposed to water for more than
eighteen minutes.

Fleishig
Yiddish word meaning meat or meat food product

Glatt
Yiddish word meaning smooth. Pertains to the smooth surface of an animal’s  
lung.
Often used in contemporary America to refer to a higher standard of kosher.

Hashgacha
Kosher food supervision

Kashruth/Kashrus/Kashrut
Pertaining to kosher        

Kosher
Jewish dietary laws

Kosherize/Kosherization
1)   Process of cleaning and purging equipment so that the equipment can be
used to process food in a kosher fashion
2)   The de-veining, soaking and salting process used prior to consumption of
kosher slaughtered meat.

Mashgiach
Person responsible to oversee a food operation so as to insure its compliance
with kosher law.

Matzo/Matzah
Unleavened flat bread used on Passover

Mevushol
Lit. boiled. Usually pertains to the pasteurization of grape juice used in and of
itself or for wine making.

Milchig
Yiddish word meaning milk or dairy food product.

Parve
Food or equipment that is neither meat nor dairy.

Nikkur/Trayber
The process wherein certain forbidden fats and veins are removed from a
kosher slaughtered animal prior to the soaking and salting process.

Shochet
Certified ritual slaughterer

Shechita
Kosher slaughter method

Shmitta
The sabbatical year

Traife/trayfe
Not kosher

Trumos and Ma’asros
Portions of food grown in the land of Israel that are either biblically or
rabbinically mandated to be separated prior to consumption of the food.
                        
CHai kosher
consultations and supervisions
         
Rabbi Yisroel Finman, Director